If you have been diagnosed with prediabetes, you should take this news as a warning sign from your doctor. People who are prediabetic are at a major risk for developing Type 2 diabetes, as well as a number of other health problems such as cardiovascular disease.
What Is Prediabetes?
Prediabetes is a condition similar to diabetes, although the symptoms of prediabetes may be much less noticeable. Like Type 2 diabetes, prediabetes is a problem with your body’s regulation of blood glucose. Over time, your body’s insulin becomes less capable of lowering you blood sugar to normal levels. Your doctor will diagnose you with prediabetes when your blood sugar levels are high, but not elevated enough to be classified as Type 2 diabetes.
Prediabetes means that your body is having a problem keeping your blood sugar within normal ranges. Normally, your body regulates blood sugar on its own, through glucose homeostasis. When your blood sugar levels are too high, your body releases insulin to lower the level of blood glucose to within the normal range. If your blood sugar level falls too low, your body will release glucagon to raise it. With prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes, your body cannot keep your blood sugar stable anymore. Your body’s insulin is not able to do its job properly, which allows your blood sugar to rise to potentially dangerous levels.
Prediabetes is considered a separate condition from diabetes. Your body is having problems regulating your blood sugar, but this has not yet developed into full-blown Type 2. To prevent this from happening you have to know what is causing your problems. The major risk factors include